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A guide on what CAMHS are, how to to access them and what to expect from your appointments.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) are services that support young people with their mental health.
On this page when we talk about CAMHS, we are talking about the free services run by the NHS, sometimes called Specialist CAMHS.
In some areas, your local CAMHS service may be called another name. If you’re not sure, you can ask at your doctors surgery.
On this page we have information on:
CAMHS services generally support young people experiencing:
Your CAMHS team can offer support and treatments, like:
The type of help you get will be decided by your CAMHS team but you should be asked about what you would like and what you feel most comfortable with.
How you get help from your local CAMHS service, might depend on where you live. Most services have their own website where you can find out more information.
Normally you will need a referral from your doctor, but some services also accept referrals from schools, social workers, youth offending teams or yourself if you’re old enough.
When CAMHS gets your referral they will contact you and your family, by phone or by sending you a letter, to give you an appointment or ask for more information about what you’re experiencing.
Sometimes after speaking to you and your parents or carers to find out what support you need, CAMHS may decide that it’s not the right service for you. This can be really upsetting and frustrating, especially if you've already waited a long time for your appointment and you're not getting the help you need.
If this happens, they should suggest other places you can go for support or things you can try that might help.
Sometimes if your local service is busy, you might have to wait a while for an appointment. This can be really upsetting and worrying, especially if you feel like things are getting worse.
It might help to:
In your first appointment, you will meet someone from your CAMHS team. They might ask you questions about:
This is so they can understand how you’re feeling and whether their service is right for you. If it is, they will work together with you and your family to decide what kind of support might help.
To find out about the people who might work in your CAMHS team, Young Minds have information about the different professionals you might see and what they do.
Your CAMHS team normally talk to your parents or carers to understand more about you and your family, so they can help you in the best way they can. They might talk to them about what kind of help they could offer you and ask them to come along to appointments.
If you’re worried about your parents or carers coming to appointments with you or finding out what you’ve said, try to let your CAMHS team know and explain why this makes you uncomfortable. You can also ask them how much of what you say in your appointment stays between you and them.
How long you're supported by CAMHS will be personal to you, but you can ask them for a guide at any time.
If you're offered therapy you might be given a set number of appointments. After you’ve had these, your CAMHS team will talk to you about how things are going and how you're feeling. This will help you both decide whether you still need their support.
CAMHS may also stop supporting you if you become too old for their service. In most places this is when you turn 18, but it can be earlier or later, depending on the service. See our guide on moving to adult services for more information.
This information was published in June 2019. We will revise it in 2021.
References are available on request. If you would like to reproduce any of this information, see our page on permissions and licensing.