A general guide on how you are protected from discrimination under the Equality Act and what your rights are.
Discrimination and human rights
All public authorities have a legal duty to respect your human rights, as well as following the Equality Act.
This includes not discriminating against you, which is protected in UK law through the Human Rights Act 1998.
Individuals and private companies do not have to follow the Human Rights Act. This means you can't bring human rights claims against individual people or private companies.
See our pages on the Human Rights Act 1998 to learn more.
These are organisations whose role is of a public nature. This includes:
- NHS hospitals and employees
- local authorities and their employees
- some nursing and personal care accommodation providers
- prison staff
- courts and tribunals, including Mental Health Tribunals
- government departments and their employees
- statutory bodies and their employees (for example the Information Commissioner’s Office).
This information was published in October 2023. We will revise it in 2026.
References are available on request. If you would like to reproduce any of this information, see our page on permissions and licensing.