Explains how lithium and other mood stabilising drugs work, how they might help you, whether to take them if you're pregnant or breastfeeding, and what alternative treatments are available.
If you are taking mood stabilisers, you may think about how long to keep taking them for, and when to stop. If you decide to stop taking them, you may want to know how to do this in a safe way.
This page covers:
How long you take mood stabilisers for will depend on many different factors. It should be an individual, ongoing decision between you and your doctor. You can discuss what works best for you and your symptoms, and any side effects you experience.
You might prefer to take medication for many years if it helps you to feel stable and get on with your life. Or you might take medication to start with, but then develop other ways of coping. You may also have views on how long you'll need to take medication for, based on past experiences.
These are some timings that your doctor may discuss with you:
"When I am taking lamotrigine, things are generally more stable. I feel calmer and less at the mercy of unpredictable and extreme mood changes. I find it hard to commit to taking medication on a long-term basis, but I know that I would find things easier if I did."
If you decide you want to come off your medication, it's important to do this safely. If you are comfortable speaking to your doctor about this, they can help you develop a personal plan for coming off. This should include ways to spot and manage relapses. Our pages on coming off medication have more information about this.
It's very helpful if you monitor your mood carefully when coming off mood stabilisers. You could try using a mood diary to help manage this. See our page of useful contacts for links to mood diaries online.
The NICE guidelines for bipolar disorder recommend that you gradually reduce your dose of lithium over at least four weeks. Ideally, you would reduce it over a period of up to three months. This is to lower your risk of relapse.
While you are reducing your dose, your doctor should monitor you closely for early signs of mania and depression. They should also do this for three months after you stop your lithium treatment.
There do not appear to be any physical withdrawal symptoms with lithium.
The NICE guidelines for bipolar disorder recommend that you gradually reduce your dose of anticonvulsants over at least four weeks. This is to lower your risk of relapse.
Some of the withdrawal symptoms of anticonvulsants may include:
The NICE guidelines for bipolar disorder recommend that you gradually reduce your dose of antipsychotics over at least four weeks. This is to lower your risk of relapse.
See our page on coming off antipsychotic medication for more information, including some of the possible withdrawal symptoms.
This information was published in June 2020. We will revise it in 2023.
References and bibliography available on request.
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