Explains the rights that you have if you are sectioned and detained in hospital under the Mental Health Act 1983. Applies to England and Wales.

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Family members

Do any of my family members have the right to get involved?

Yes. A family member called your nearest relative has certain legal rights related to your sectioning. If your nearest relative is concerned about your mental health, they can:

Your nearest relative should be consulted first if:

  • the AMHP wants to section you. They should do this before they complete the process and take you to hospital.

If your nearest relative doesn’t think you should be sectioned:

  • they have the right to object to you being sectioned, if you are being sectioned under section 3 of the Mental Health Act. However, if you are being sectioned under section 2, the AMHP does not have to listen to them and can still go ahead with the sectioning.

See our information on the nearest relative.

Do I have to tell the AMHP who my nearest relative is?

No – you cannot be forced to tell the AMHP anything about yourself if you do not wish to. But the AMHP has a duty under the Mental Health Act to consult your nearest relative, and they will find out your nearest relative’s details if they can and it is practical for them to consult them.

What if I don't want my nearest relative to be involved in my care and treatment?

The Mental Health Act has rules for deciding who your nearest relative is, and the AMHP has to follow these rules. You can change who your nearest relative is if you would prefer a different person. To find out how to do this, see our information on the nearest relative.

If you are sectioned and taken to hospital, you have the right to say that you do not want information about your care or treatment to be passed on to your nearest relative. There needs to be a good reason not to give them information. You can do this even if you have not gone to court to replace your nearest relative.

For example, normally the hospital managers must tell your nearest relative when you are due to be discharged, but if you give instructions that they should not tell your nearest relative this or share other information about you, they should respect your wishes.


Hari has a history of being physically abused as a child. He is still not close to his father and would prefer not to have him involved in his care.

Hari is under section and will be going home in a few days’ time. He lives in a flat which he shares with his friends.

He is then told that his father, as his nearest relative, should normally be informed when Hari is going to be discharged from hospital because it is the duty of the hospital managers to do this.

Hari says that he absolutely does not want his father to be told this or any other information about him. The hospital has to respect his wishes.



This information was published in September 2017. We will revise it in 2019.

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