Explains what may happen if you are charged with committing a crime, what happens when you to go court, and how your mental health is taken into account.
This is a section 37 hospital order with section 41 restrictions added. Only the Crown Court can add section 41 restrictions. It might add them if it thinks that it's necessary for the protection of the public from serious harm.
When deciding whether to add section 41 restrictions, the Crown Court must consider:
A section 37/41 lasts until you are discharged by the Mental Health Tribunal or by your responsible clinician. If your responsible clinician thinks you should be discharged, they will need to get permission from the Ministry of Justice.
The Ministry of Justice also needs to give permission for you to have section 17 leave or for you to transfer to a different hospital. Getting permission from the Ministry of Justice can take a long time.
The rules are the same as for a section 37 hospital order.
A conditional discharge is where you will have to do certain things after discharge and you might get recalled to hospital if you don't. Conditions could be to:
If you are conditionally discharged, you can apply to the tribunal for an absolute discharge. You can apply:
one year after your conditional discharge, then
every two years after that
Yes, the process is the same as appealing a section 37 hospital order.
This is a special court that deals with cases relating to the Mental Health Act 1983. The Tribunal decides whether you can be discharged from your section. It can sometimes make recommendations about matters such as hospital leave, transfer to another hospital, guardianship and community treatment orders (CTOs).
The court is made of a panel, which normally includes:
Where you see a reference to the Mental Health Tribunal in this guide, it means:
Certain decisions, such as applying for someone who is sectioned to go onto a community treatment order (CTO), can only be taken by the responsible clinician.
All responsible clinicians must be approved clinicians. They do not have to be a doctor, but in practice many of them are.See our full list of legal terms.
Some people who have been kept in hospital under the Mental Health Act can get free help and support after they leave hospital. The law that gives this right is section 117 of the Mental Health Act, and it is often referred to as 'section 117 aftercare'.
Health authorities and local social services have a legal duty to provide you with section 117 aftercare if:
This information was published in July 2018. We will revise it in 2021.
References are available on request. If you would like to reproduce any of this information, see our page on permissions and licensing.