Types of peer support
Many groups, organisations and individuals offer different types of peer support. These differences may include:
- what you have in common. Peer support brings together people with shared experiences, and these experiences can vary. For example, you might share a diagnosis of a particular mental health problem or similar personal interests. Or you may have shared experiences, such as hearing voices, identifying as LGBTIQ+ or having a shared cultural background.
- what you do together. You might focus on talking and discussion, which could be about particular topics or difficulties, anything you feel like or a mixture, depending on how the support is run. Or you might do activities together such as walking, gardening, sport or being creative.
- how you access the support. Peer support might involve meeting in person or it might be something you access online – for example social media networks or communities dedicated to online support (such as Mind's Elefriends). You might also use other ways of getting in touch, such as emails, phone calls or text messages.
- how many people take part. You might meet in a group, which might sometimes be called a self-help or support group. Or you might take part in one-to-one peer support, which is sometimes called mentoring or befriending. This is where you work towards goals you've agreed together with someone else.
You can find out more about the different types of peer support on our page about finding peer support.
It’s not always about getting or giving advice. It's also about having a safe space to get things off our chest and occasionally sharing a laugh about it all!
Different names for peer support
People use many different words to describe peer support, like self-help group, support group or mentoring. You also might find that there are some groups or individuals who use the same terms to describe different things.
If you want to know more about what to expect from a particular type of support, you could ask someone who helps run the support to explain how it works.
Read Sue's blog about finding a place to fit in at her local peer support group.
Could peer support help me?
Lots of people find peer support improves their wellbeing and helps them cope with mental health problems. For example, it could:
- help you to open up about what you are feeling and experiencing
- introduce you to ideas and approaches that others have found helpful
- reassure you that you're not alone in how you are feeling
- help you to connect with others and give you a sense of belonging
- encourage you to value your strengths
- build your self-esteem and confidence
- help you to feel more hopeful about the future.
Peer support can be helpful on its own, or it can be something you try alongside treatments like talking therapies or medication. It can also be a helpful way of getting support if you're on a waiting list for one of these treatments.
For some people, it can be difficult to decide whether to try peer support, or which type of support to try out. If you are struggling with this decision, our information on whether peer support is right for you might help.
Things I was ashamed of and felt guilt for were common in the group. It was a profound and powerful experience.
Read Laura's story about how helping other parents through a peer support group also brought her comfort.
This information was published in July 2019. We will revise it in 2022.